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Inner core backtracking by seismic waveform change reversals

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Wei Wang, John E. Vidale, Guanning Pang, Keith D. Koper, Ruoyan Wang
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07536-4Matching seismic waveforms show that the inner core of Earth gradually super-rotated from 2003 to 2008, and then more slowly sub-rotated from 2008 to 2023 back through the same (...)

Mental navigation in the primate entorhinal cortex

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Sujaya Neupane, Ila Fiete, Mehrdad Jazayeri
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07557-zMeasurements of activity in the entorhinal cortex of monkeys indicate that the recruitment of a cognitive map is a key part of mental navigation, and that cognitive maps can support behavior in the absence of external sensory (...)

Obesity induces PD-1 on macrophages to suppress anti-tumour immunity

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Jackie E. Bader, Melissa M. Wolf, Gian Luca Lupica-Tondo, Matthew Z. Madden, Bradley I. Reinfeld, Emily N. Arner, Emma S. Hathaway, KayLee K. Steiner, Gabriel A. Needle, Zaid Hatem, Madelyn D. Landis, Eden E. Faneuff, Amondrea Blackman, Elysa M. Wolf, Matthew A. Cottam, Xiang Ye, Madison E. Bates, Kyra Smart, Wenjun Wang, Laura V. Pinheiro, Anthos Christofides, DuPreez Smith, Vassiliki A. Boussiotis, Scott M. Haake, Kathryn E. Beckermann, Kathryn E. Wellen, Cynthia A. Reinhart-King, C. Henrique Serezani, Cheng-Han Lee, Christa Aubrey, Heidi Chen, W. Kimryn Rathmell, Alyssa H. Hasty, Jeffrey C. Rathmell
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07529-3A study demonstrates that metabolic signalling and inflammatory cues associated with obesity selectively induce expression of PD-1 on tumour-associated macrophages to suppress anti-tumour (...)

A two-site Kitaev chain in a two-dimensional electron gas

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Sebastiaan L. D. ten Haaf, Qingzhen Wang, A. Mert Bozkurt, Chun-Xiao Liu, Ivan Kulesh, Philip Kim, Di Xiao, Candice Thomas, Michael J. Manfra, Tom Dvir, Michael Wimmer, Srijit Goswami
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07434-9We have implemented a two-site Kitaev chain in a two-dimensional electron gas by coupling quantum dots through Andreev bound states in a superconductor–semiconductor hybrid (...)

Hybrid working from home improves retention without damaging performance

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Nicholas Bloom, Ruobing Han, James Liang
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07500-2A trial investigating the effects of a hybrid working schedule in a Chinese technology firm in 2021–2022 shows that working from home two days a week improved job satisfaction, reduced quitting and did not affect (...)

Sleep loss diminishes hippocampal reactivation and replay

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Bapun Giri, Nathaniel Kinsky, Utku Kaya, Kourosh Maboudi, Ted Abel, Kamran Diba
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07538-2A study of neuronal activity in rats finds that sleep loss adversely affects hippocampal function and memory by dissociating hippocampal sharp-wave ripples from memory replay and reactivation (...)

Optical manipulation of the charge-density-wave state in RbV3Sb5

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Yuqing Xing, Seokjin Bae, Ethan Ritz, Fan Yang, Turan Birol, Andrea N. Capa Salinas, Brenden R. Ortiz, Stephen D. Wilson, Ziqiang Wang, Rafael M. Fernandes, Vidya Madhavan
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07519-5The charge-density-wave state in RbV3Sb5 can be optically manipulated by applying linearly polarized light along high-symmetry directions, which demonstrates the potential of light as a control knob to manipulate complex (...)

Genetic drivers and cellular selection of female mosaic X chromosome loss

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Aoxing Liu, Giulio Genovese, Yajie Zhao, Matti Pirinen, Seyedeh M. Zekavat, Katherine A. Kentistou, Zhiyu Yang, Kai Yu, Caitlyn Vlasschaert, Xiaoxi Liu, Derek W. Brown, Georgi Hudjashov, Bryan R. Gorman, Joe Dennis, Weiyin Zhou, Yukihide Momozawa, Saiju Pyarajan, Valdislav Tuzov, Fanny-Dhelia Pajuste, Mervi Aavikko, Timo P. Sipilä, Awaisa Ghazal, Wen-Yi Huang, Neal D. Freedman, Lei Song, Eugene J. Gardner, Andres Metspalu, Tõnu Esko, Mari Nelis, Lili Milani, Vijay G. Sankaran, Aarno Palotie, Hanna M. Ollila, Taru Tukiainen, Stephen J. Chanock, Reedik Mägi, Pradeep Natarajan, Mark J. Daly, Alexander Bick, Steven A. McCarroll, Chikashi Terao, Po-Ru Loh, Andrea Ganna, John R. B. Perry, Mitchell J. Machiela
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07533-7A large-scale meta-analysis across eight biobank datasets identifies common genetic variants associated with mosaic loss of the X chromosome in female participants.

Experiment-free exoskeleton assistance via learning in simulation

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Shuzhen Luo, Menghan Jiang, Sainan Zhang, Junxi Zhu, Shuangyue Yu, Israel Dominguez Silva, Tian Wang, Elliott Rouse, Bolei Zhou, Hyunwoo Yuk, Xianlian Zhou, Hao Su
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07382-4A learning-in-simulation framework for wearable robots uses dynamics-aware musculoskeletal and exoskeleton models and data-driven reinforcement learning to bridge the gap between simulation and reality without human (...)

A self-healing multispectral transparent adhesive peptide glass

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Gal Finkelstein-Zuta, Zohar A. Arnon, Thangavel Vijayakanth, Or Messer, Orr Simon Lusky, Avital Wagner, Galit Zilberman, Ruth Aizen, Lior Michaeli, Sigal Rencus-Lazar, Sharon Gilead, Sudha Shankar, Mariela Jorgelina Pavan, Dor Aaron Goldstein, Shira Kutchinsky, Tal Ellenbogen, Benjamin A. Palmer, Amir Goldbourt, Maxim Sokol, Ehud Gazit
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07408-xA tyrosine tripeptide was discovered to unexpectedly form a supramolecular amorphous glassy material by constructing a non-specific hydrogen bonding network with structural water (...)

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