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Hybrid working from home improves retention without damaging performance

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Nicholas Bloom, Ruobing Han, James Liang
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07500-2A trial investigating the effects of a hybrid working schedule in a Chinese technology firm in 2021–2022 shows that working from home two days a week improved job satisfaction, reduced quitting and did not affect (...)

Sleep loss diminishes hippocampal reactivation and replay

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Bapun Giri, Nathaniel Kinsky, Utku Kaya, Kourosh Maboudi, Ted Abel, Kamran Diba
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07538-2A study of neuronal activity in rats finds that sleep loss adversely affects hippocampal function and memory by dissociating hippocampal sharp-wave ripples from memory replay and reactivation (...)

Optical manipulation of the charge-density-wave state in RbV3Sb5

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Yuqing Xing, Seokjin Bae, Ethan Ritz, Fan Yang, Turan Birol, Andrea N. Capa Salinas, Brenden R. Ortiz, Stephen D. Wilson, Ziqiang Wang, Rafael M. Fernandes, Vidya Madhavan
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07519-5The charge-density-wave state in RbV3Sb5 can be optically manipulated by applying linearly polarized light along high-symmetry directions, which demonstrates the potential of light as a control knob to manipulate complex (...)

Experiment-free exoskeleton assistance via learning in simulation

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Shuzhen Luo, Menghan Jiang, Sainan Zhang, Junxi Zhu, Shuangyue Yu, Israel Dominguez Silva, Tian Wang, Elliott Rouse, Bolei Zhou, Hyunwoo Yuk, Xianlian Zhou, Hao Su
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07382-4A learning-in-simulation framework for wearable robots uses dynamics-aware musculoskeletal and exoskeleton models and data-driven reinforcement learning to bridge the gap between simulation and reality without human (...)

A self-healing multispectral transparent adhesive peptide glass

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Gal Finkelstein-Zuta, Zohar A. Arnon, Thangavel Vijayakanth, Or Messer, Orr Simon Lusky, Avital Wagner, Galit Zilberman, Ruth Aizen, Lior Michaeli, Sigal Rencus-Lazar, Sharon Gilead, Sudha Shankar, Mariela Jorgelina Pavan, Dor Aaron Goldstein, Shira Kutchinsky, Tal Ellenbogen, Benjamin A. Palmer, Amir Goldbourt, Maxim Sokol, Ehud Gazit
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07408-xA tyrosine tripeptide was discovered to unexpectedly form a supramolecular amorphous glassy material by constructing a non-specific hydrogen bonding network with structural water (...)

Global variability in atmospheric new particle formation mechanisms

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Bin Zhao, Neil M. Donahue, Kai Zhang, Lizhuo Mao, Manish Shrivastava, Po-Lun Ma, Jiewen Shen, Shuxiao Wang, Jian Sun, Hamish Gordon, Shuaiqi Tang, Jerome Fast, Mingyi Wang, Yang Gao, Chao Yan, Balwinder Singh, Zeqi Li, Lyuyin Huang, Sijia Lou, Guangxing Lin, Hailong Wang, Jingkun Jiang, Aijun Ding, Wei Nie, Ximeng Qi, Xuguang Chi, Lin Wang
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07547-1Molecular-level experiments are described to develop a detailed assessment of 11 new particle formation mechanisms in a global climate model and, in comparison with simulations and observations, the dominant mechanisms (...)

CTLA-4-expressing ILC3s restrain interleukin-23-mediated inflammation

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Anees Ahmed, Ann M. Joseph, Jordan Zhou, Veronika Horn, Jazib Uddin, Mengze Lyu, Jeremy Goc, David Artis, Randy Longman, Gregory F. Sonnenberg, Ellen Scherl, Robbyn Sockolow, Dana Lukin, Vinita Jacob, Laura Sahyoun, Michael Mintz, Lasha Gogokhia, Thomas Ciecierega, Aliza Solomon, Arielle Bergman, Kimberley Chein, Elliott Gordon, Michelle Ramos, Victoria Ribeiro de Godoy, Adriana Brcic-Susak, Seun Oguntunmibi, Dario Garone, Caitlin Mason, Robbyn E. Sockolow, James B. Wing, Eric Vivier, Shimon Sakaguchi
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07537-3Subsets of ILC3s upregulate the immunoregulatory checkpoint molecule CTLA-4 after stimulation in a microbiota-dependent manner, and advances to support CTLA-4+ ILC3s may represent a treatment opportunity in IL-23-driven (...)

Onset of coupled atmosphere–ocean oxygenation 2.3 billion years ago

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Chadlin M. Ostrander, Andy W. Heard, Yunchao Shu, Andrey Bekker, Simon W. Poulton, Kasper P. Olesen, Sune G. Nielsen
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07551-5The Great Oxidation Event represents a tipping point in Earth’s O2 mass balance—when more O2 was being produced than destroyed—that forever changed the habitability of worldwide (...)

DNA mismatch and damage patterns revealed by single-molecule sequencing

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Mei Hong Liu, Benjamin M. Costa, Emilia C. Bianchini, Una Choi, Rachel C. Bandler, Emilie Lassen, Marta Gro?ska-P?ski, Adam Schwing, Zachary R. Murphy, Daniel Rosenkjær, Shany Picciotto, Vanessa Bianchi, Lucie Stengs, Melissa Edwards, Nuno Miguel Nunes, Caitlin A. Loh, Tina K. Truong, Randall E. Brand, Tomi Pastinen, J. Richard Wagner, Anne-Bine Skytte, Uri Tabori, Jonathan E. Shoag, Gilad D. Evrony
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07532-8A DNA sequencing method with single-molecule fidelity detects mismatches and damage present in only one of the two DNA strands with patterns that are both similar and distinct compared to known mutation (...)

The respiratory system influences flight mechanics in soaring birds

mardi 11 juin 2024 par Emma R. Schachner, Andrew J. Moore, Aracely Martinez, Raul E. Diaz Jr, M. Scott Echols, Jessie Atterholt, Roger W. P. Kissane, Brandon P. Hedrick, Karl T. Bates
Nature, Published online: 12 June 2024; doi:10.1038/s41586-024-07485-yAn investigation of the subpectoral diverticulum—an inflatable air sac structure between the major flight muscles—in 68 avian species reveals that the respiratory system has a role in the mechanics of flight in soaring (...)

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