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Global potential for harvesting drinking water from air using solar energy

mercredi 27 octobre 2021 par Jackson Lord, Ashley Thomas, Neil Treat, Matthew Forkin, Robert Bain, Pierre Dulac, Cyrus H. Behroozi, Tilek Mamutov, Jillia Fongheiser, Nicole Kobilansky, Shane Washburn, Claudia Truesdell, Clare Lee, Philipp H. Schmaelzle
Nature, Published online: 27 October 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03900-wMapping of the global potential of atmospheric water harvesting using solar energy shows that it could provide safely managed drinking water for a billion people worldwide based on climate (...)

Disease variant prediction with deep generative models of evolutionary data

mercredi 27 octobre 2021 par Jonathan Frazer, Pascal Notin, Mafalda Dias, Aidan Gomez, Joseph K. Min, Kelly Brock, Yarin Gal, Debora S. Marks
Nature, Published online: 27 October 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-04043-8A new computational method, EVE, classifies human genetic variants in disease genes using deep generative models trained solely on evolutionary sequences.

Strongly correlated excitonic insulator in atomic double layers

mercredi 27 octobre 2021 par Liguo Ma, Phuong X. Nguyen, Zefang Wang, Yongxin Zeng, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Allan H. MacDonald, Kin Fai Mak, Jie Shan
Nature, Published online: 27 October 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03947-9So far only signatures of excitonic insulators have been reported, but here direct thermodynamic evidence is provided for a strongly correlated excitonic insulating state in transition metal dichalcogenide semiconductor (...)

Call for a framework for reporting evidence for life beyond Earth

mercredi 27 octobre 2021 par James Green, Tori Hoehler, Marc Neveu, Shawn Domagal-Goldman, Daniella Scalice, Mary Voytek
Nature, Published online: 27 October 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03804-9A framework is proposed to start a dialogue on the criteria for assessing claims and supporting evidence for life beyond Earth.

The high burden of infectious disease

mercredi 27 octobre 2021 par Catherine Armitage
Nature, Published online: 27 October 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-02909-5Human and economic costs highlight the need for fresh approaches in research.

Genomics unwraps mystery of the Tarim mummies

mercredi 27 octobre 2021 par Nick Petrić Howe, Shamini Bundell
Nature, Published online: 27 October 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-02969-7The unexpected origins of a 4,000-year-old people, protecting your ‘digital presence’ and what to expect from COP26.

Early-life inflammation primes a T helper 2 cell–fibroblast niche in skin

mercredi 27 octobre 2021 par Ian C. Boothby, Maxime J. Kinet, Devi P. Boda, Elaine Y. Kwan, Sean Clancy, Jarish N. Cohen, Ireneusz Habrylo, Margaret M. Lowe, Mariela Pauli, Ashley E. Yates, Jamie D. Chan, Hobart W. Harris, Isaac M. Neuhaus, Timothy H. McCalmont, Ari B. Molofsky, Michael D. Rosenblum
Nature, Published online: 27 October 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-04044-7Time-limited skin inflammation in neonatal mice promotes a reciprocal interaction between type 2 helper T cells and fascial fibroblasts that regulates wound repair in later (...)

COVID reinfections, asteroid mission and tuskless elephants

mercredi 27 octobre 2021
Nature, Published online: 27 October 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-02902-yThe latest science news, in brief.

Dispatched uses Na+ flux to power release of lipid-modified Hedgehog

mercredi 27 octobre 2021 par Qianqian Wang, Daniel E. Asarnow, Ke Ding, Randall K. Mann, Jason Hatakeyama, Yunxiao Zhang, Yong Ma, Yifan Cheng, Philip A. Beachy
Nature, Published online: 27 October 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03996-0Cryo-electron microscopy studies show that dynamic coordination of Na+ in the ion channel of Dispatched homologue 1 and the transmembrane Na+ gradient have key roles in exporting lipid-modified Hedgehog protein (...)

A human-specific modifier of cortical connectivity and circuit function

mercredi 27 octobre 2021 par Ewoud R. E. Schmidt, Hanzhi T. Zhao, Jung M. Park, Mario Dipoppa, Mauro M. Monsalve-Mercado, Jacob B. Dahan, Chris C. Rodgers, Amélie Lejeune, Elizabeth M. C. Hillman, Kenneth D. Miller, Randy M. Bruno, Franck Polleux
Nature, Published online: 27 October 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-04039-4The human-specific gene duplication SRGAP2C is identified as a modifier of structural and functional features of cortical circuits leading to improved behavioural performance that may have allowed the emergence of (...)

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