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Mastering the game of Go without human knowledge

mercredi 18 octobre 2017 par David Silver, Julian Schrittwieser, Karen Simonyan, Ioannis Antonoglou, Aja Huang, Arthur Guez, Thomas Hubert, Lucas Baker, Matthew Lai, Adrian Bolton, Yutian Chen, Timothy Lillicrap, Fan Hui, Laurent Sifre, George van den Driessche, Thore Graepel, Demis Hassabis
A long-standing goal of artificial intelligence is an algorithm that learns, tabula rasa, superhuman proficiency in challenging domains. Recently, AlphaGo became the first program to defeat a world champion in the game of Go. The tree search in AlphaGo evaluated positions and selected (...)

Computer science: Data analysis meets quantum physics

mercredi 18 octobre 2017 par Steven Schramm
A technique that combines machine learning and quantum computing has been used to identify the particles known as Higgs bosons. The method could find applications in many areas of science. See Letter p.375

50 & 100 Years Ago

mercredi 18 octobre 2017
50 Years AgoOur society is crimogenic, in that our social structure produces most crime, which must therefore be regarded as one “normal” response to social stimuli. For an adequate understanding of its causation, and of appropriate remedial action, we must therefore rely primarily (...)

Cancer treatment: Bacterial snack attack deactivates a drug

mercredi 18 octobre 2017 par Christian Jobin
Tumour cells can develop intrinsic adaptations that make them less susceptible to chemotherapy. It emerges that extrinsic bacterial action can also enable tumour cells to escape the effects of drug treatment.

Perspective: Untangling the ALS X-Files

mercredi 18 octobre 2017 par Richard Bedlack
Richard Bedlack explains how an open mind led him to some unusual places and unexpected lessons

Artificial intelligence: Learning to play Go from scratch

mercredi 18 octobre 2017 par Satinder Singh, Andy Okun, Andrew Jackson
An artificial-intelligence program called AlphaGo Zero has mastered the game of Go without any human data or guidance. A computer scientist and two members of the American Go Association discuss the implications. See Article (...)

Research round-up

mercredi 18 octobre 2017
Research round-up Nature. doi:10.1038/550S118a

Drug therapy: On the treatment trail for ALS

mercredi 18 octobre 2017 par Andrew Scott
The disease remains incurable but there are signs of hope on the horizon.

Fundraising: The Ice Bucket Challenge delivers

mercredi 18 octobre 2017 par Emily Sohn
In 2014, millions of people doused themselves in icy water to raise money for ALS. Was it worth it?

Machine learning: Calculating disease

mercredi 18 octobre 2017 par Neil Savage
Machine learning might identify patients earlier, predict their outcomes better, and assign them more efficiently to appropriate clinical trials.

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