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The top 10 countries that dominate natural-sciences research

mercredi 19 juin 2019
Nature, Published online: 19 June 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-01921-0The United States reigns as the colossus but China is taking up ever more space, squeezing out European stalwarts.

In rankings, size is not the whole story

mercredi 19 juin 2019 par Catherine Armitage
Nature, Published online: 19 June 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-01919-8Renowned institutions reign over the research ranks, except when high-quality research is considered as a proportion of total research.

Large-scale chemical–genetics yields new M. tuberculosis inhibitor classes

mercredi 19 juin 2019 par Eachan O. Johnson, Emily LaVerriere, Emma Office, Mary Stanley, Elisabeth Meyer, Tomohiko Kawate, James E. Gomez, Rebecca E. Audette, Nirmalya Bandyopadhyay, Natalia Betancourt, Kayla Delano, Israel Da Silva, Joshua Davis, Christina Gallo, Michelle Gardner, Aaron J. Golas, Kristine M. Guinn, Sofia Kennedy, Rebecca Korn, Jennifer A. McConnell, Caitlin E. Moss, Kenan C. Murphy, Raymond M. Nietupski, Kadamba G. Papavinasasundaram, Jessica T. Pinkham, Paula A. Pino, Megan K. Proulx, Nadine Ruecker, Naomi Song, Matthew Thompson, Carolina Trujillo, Shoko Wakabayashi, Joshua B. Wallach, Christopher Watson, Thomas R. Ioerger, Eric S. Lander, Brian K. Hubbard, Michael H. Serrano-Wu, Sabine Ehrt, Michael Fitzgerald, Eric J. Rubin, Christopher M. Sassetti, Dirk Schnappinger, Deborah T. Hung
Nature, Published online: 19 June 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1315-zA high-throughput chemical–genetic screening approach for the discovery of targets and chemicals to treat Mycobacterium tuberculosis yields tenfold more hit compounds than conventional whole-cell screening (...)

Bizarre early life forms ate better when they ate together

mercredi 19 juin 2019
Nature, Published online: 19 June 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-01935-8Simulations in a virtual flume tank suggest that primitive vase-shaped organisms were filter feeders.

Distinct modes of mitochondrial metabolism uncouple T cell differentiation and function

mercredi 19 juin 2019 par Will Bailis, Justin A. Shyer, Jun Zhao, Juan Carlos Garcia Canaveras, Fatimah J. Al Khazal, Rihao Qu, Holly R. Steach, Piotr Bielecki, Omair Khan, Ruaidhri Jackson, Yuval Kluger, Louis J. Maher III, Joshua Rabinowitz, Joe Craft, Richard A. Flavell
Nature, Published online: 19 June 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1311-3Genetic, pharmacological and metabolomics experiments reveal that the malate–aspartate shuttle and mitochondrial citrate export support the differentiation of mouse T helper 1 cells, whereas succinate dehydrogenase enforces (...)

Turbulent convective length scale in planetary cores

mercredi 19 juin 2019 par Céline Guervilly, Philippe Cardin, Nathanaël Schaeffer
Nature, Published online: 19 June 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1301-5Numerical modelling of rotating turbulent convective flows shows that the length scale of convection in planetary cores is set by the flow speed and not by the fluid (...)

Machine learning in electronic-quantum-matter imaging experiments

mercredi 19 juin 2019 par Yi Zhang, A. Mesaros, K. Fujita, S. D. Edkins, M. H. Hamidian, K. Ch’ng, H. Eisaki, S. Uchida, J. C. Séamus Davis, Ehsan Khatami, Eun-Ah Kim
Nature, Published online: 19 June 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1319-8A machine-learning approach is used to train artificial neural networks to analyse experimental scanning tunnelling microscopy image arrays of quantum materials.

Top 10 institutions for Earth and environmental sciences in 2018

mercredi 19 juin 2019
Nature, Published online: 19 June 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-01928-7These 10 institutions in the Nature Index were the largest contributors to papers in Earth and environmental sciences published in 82 leading journals in 2018.

The top 10 academic institutions in 2018

mercredi 19 juin 2019
Nature, Published online: 19 June 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-01923-yAmong the world’s academic institutions, these were the largest contributors to articles in the top-quality natural-sciences journals tracked by the Nature (...)

Top 10 institutions for physics in 2018

mercredi 19 juin 2019
Nature, Published online: 19 June 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-01927-8These institutions were the largest contributors to physics papers for 2018 published in the 82 leading journals tracked by the Nature Index.

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